Sources and Types of Textiles   Sources and Types of Textiles    History of Textiles    Processes    Uses of Textiles    Production methods of Textiles    Glossary    Textiles in India    Textile Printing    Textiles Embroidery
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Home > Sources and Types of Textiles
Sources and Types of Textiles
Silk Coir Wool
Hemp Linen Cotton
Asbestos Jute Modal
Nylon Fiberglass Paper
Polyester

Types of TextilesTextiles can be made from a variety of materials. They are classified on the basis of their component fibers into silk, wool, linen, cotton, synthetic fibers like rayon, nylon and polyesters and some inorganic fibers such as cloth of gold, glass fiber and asbestos cloth. They are also classified as to their structure or weave, according to the manner in which warp and weft cross each other in the loom.

Textiles are obtained from a number of sources. They can either be obtained from animals, or are derived from plants and even vegetables.
 
Animal Origin

  • Alpaca
  • Angora Rabbit Hair
  • Camel Hair
  • Cashmere
  • Mohair
  • Silk
  • Wool

Vegetable

  • Bark Cloth: It has various uses and is used in sheets.
  • Coir: It is a fiber obtained from coconuts.
  • Cotton: It is a soft fiber that grows around the seeds of the cotton plant.
  • Hemp: It is mostly used in rope making.
  • Jute: It is produced from plants.
  • Linen: It is made from flax.
  • Nettle: It is processed in a similar manner to flax.
  • Ramie
  • Seaweed: It is a water soluble fiber. It is used as a holding fiber in the production of certain textiles.
  • Sisal

Derived from plant products

Mineral

  • Asbestos
  • Glass fibers can be used
  • Metal fiber, metal wire and metal foil have some uses in textiles, either on their own or with other materials for example, goldwork

Synthetic

  • Acrylic fiber
  • Lurex
  • Spandex, Tactel, Lycra and other stretch fabrics
  • Nylon fiber
  • Polyester fiber
  • Polypropylene (also known as Olefin or Herculon)
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